Vins de France: Home

Understanding labels

Wine labels can be characteristic of a region or reflect the artistic flair of a bottler. Forms and styles are constantly evolving as more and more countries produce wine and local wines come to the fore. Despite the great variety in the wine sector, like all other foodstuffs it is governed by strict regulations. The basic rules for labelling govern sales designations that must be stated. For wine, there are two sales designations: the category of wine and its quality reference (IGP or AOP) if it has one.

The label must feature a certain amount of information. Some information is obligatory, such as where the wine comes from and its alcohol content. Other information is optional but regulated (governed by regulations), such as year and grape variety. Other optional pieces of information are non-regulated, such as commercial brand name and type of production.

List of AOPs and IGPs on the INAO website: http://www.inao.gouv.fr/public/home.php?pageFromIndex=produits/index.php~mnu=145 
In "Type/Catégorie" select "4.1 Vins" 
In "Signe" select "AOP" or "IGP"

 

Labels

étiquette générique

What’s on the label?

1 – Official quality references must feature. They are divided into two groups: "Appellation d’Origine Protégée" or AOP (PDO in English), and "Indication Géographique Protégée" or IGP (PGI in English), followed by the name of the appellation (1b) or the geographical zone of production.

The term AOP can be omitted if replaced by the traditional AOC (Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée).
Example: "Appellation Bourgogne Contrôlée".

The term IGP can be omitted if replaced by the traditional term "Vin de Pays" along with the Community PGI logo.

 For wines carrying an official quality reference (AOP, IGP) the category of wine (grape wine, vin de liqueur, etc) need not be stated. For example: "Crémant de Bourgogne" will not be labelled "foaming wine" or "sparkling wine".

2 – The degree of alcohol, also known as Alcohol By Volume (ABV), is expressed as a % of total volume. For example: 12% vol.

3 – Origin (Wine of France, Wine of the European Community, etc.).

4 – The name and address of the winegrower or bottler or merchant. These details must be qualified by "Produced by" or "Bottled by…".

5 - The volume contained in the bottle in litres, centilitres or millilitres.

6 – Batch number (this information may be stamped directly on the bottle).

7 – Allergen content (sulphur dioxide, milk, eggs) if detectable when wines are analysed.

8 – A healthcare message advising pregnant women not to drink alcohol (either in word or pictogram form).

 

 

Champagne labels

What’s on the label?

1 – The "Champagne" quality reference. This is the only Appellation d’Origine wine in France that does not use either the AOP or the AOC quality reference.

2 – The degree of alcohol, also known as Alcohol By Volume (ABV), is expressed as a % of total volume. For example: 12% vol.

3- Brand name.

4 – Producer’s name followed by the commune where the producer is based plus "France".

5 - The volume contained in the bottle in litres, centilitres or millilitres. 

6- Professional licence issued by the C.I.V.C. [RM for "récoltant manipulant" (owner-producer); NM for "négociant manipulant" (buys grapes and produces wine); CM for "coopérative de manipulation" (cooperative production); RC for "récoltant coopérateur" (grows grapes for wines made by cooperative); SR for "société de récoltants" (society of winegrowers); ND for "négociant distributeur" (merchant); MA for "marque d’acheteur" (own-label brand)].

7 – Batch number (this information may be stamped directly on the bottle).

8 – Allergen content (sulphur dioxide, milk, eggs) if detectable when wines are analysed.

9 – Residual sugar level expressed in terms ranging from dry to medium to sweet: brut nature, extra brut, brut, extra dry, sec, demi-sec, doux.

10 – A healthcare message advising pregnant women not to drink alcohol (either in word or pictogram form).

11 – Origin (Wine of France, Wine of the European Community, etc.).

 

DISCOVER THE WINES OF FRANCE

WELCOME

Select your country and your year of birth

Obligatory fields